Workshop secrets

A Dezső Szentgyörgyi relic in the RepTár

 
In 2017, the RepTár became richer with an extraordinary relic. Dezső Szentgyörgyi Jr. donated his father’s MALÉV (Hungarian Airlines) card to the museum. 
The name and person of Dezső Szentgyörgyi are well-known in the aviation community. The MH 59th "Szentgyörgyi Dezső" Air Base of the Hungarian Air Force in Kecskemét (equipped with MiG-29 and JAS 39 Gripen fighters) is named in his honour since the 28th of April 1990.
Dezső Szentgyörgyi was the highest scoring Hungarian fighter ace of the Royal Hungarian Honvéd Air Force. The most successful Hungarian fighter pilot completed more than 220 sorties, and had 30 confirmed kills.  In World War II, he served in the "Dongó" (Bumblebee) Fighter Squadron on the Eastern front. The 101st "Puma" Fighter Group was formed in May 1944 and Szentgyörgyi was transferred to the 101/2 "Retek" (Radish) Fighter Squadron. As a "Puma" pilot, courage was his leader, and good luck was his companion! For months, he protected Hungary's airspace against the overwhelming enemy forces. In May 1945, he became a prisoner of war of the US Army. After the war, he returned home and became a pilot of the MASZOVLET (Hungarian-Soviet Airlines). Between 1950 and 1956 he spent several years in prison on trumped-up charges. After his release, he became a pilot of the MALÉV Hungarian Airlines covering more than 5 million kilometres in the air between 1957 and 1971. Szentgyörgyi died in a crash near the Copenhagen airport while flying an Il-18. The pilot, who could not be shot down during the war, who brought home every airplane in times of war and of peace, lost his life by crashing into the sea.

 
 


 

Inauguration of the memorial of First Lieutenant and fighter pilot István Horthy 


To pay tribute to the work of István Horthy de Nagybánya for the development of Hungarian aviation and railways, the RepTár Szolnok Nkft. held a ceremony and inaugurated the relief of the first lieutenant in the yard of the museum. The first lieutenant’s son and his family, as well as his cousins honoured the ceremony with their presence. The Hungarian Air Force Band Szolnok and the special parade unit of the Hungarian Defence Forces were also present at the ceremony.

Speeches were made by: 
- Ferenc Szalay, the Mayor of Szolnok, City with County Rights, 
- Colonel Dr. Koller József, commander of the Szolnok helicopter base MH 86, and 
- Ákos Kovács, Manager of the RepTár.

After the inauguration, the István Horthy exhibition was opened with valuable relics including previously unexhibited pieces of wreckage from the plane of first lieutenant István Horthy. Ensign and wreck researcher Károly Magó then held a lecture on the investigation of the first lieutenant’s flight accident.

The short story of the relief:
On the 20th of August 1942, reserve lieutenant István Horthy de Nagybánya went on this 25th mission at 5 o’clock in the morning. After takeoff, at an altitude of 300-400 meters, his plane ran out of airspeed, went into a corkscrew and crashed into the ground from a low altitude. The deputy governor died an honourable death. After the accident, his body was laid out, transported home and laid to rest in the family crypt in Kenderes. In Szolnok, the relief of Lieutenant István Horthy by sculptor Dezső Erdey was inaugurated on the 18th of April and it was placed on the wall of the grain warehouse. After the war, the removed relief was dashed with mortar and hidden in the warehouse basement. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was transported to the military airport, where it disappeared.   It was found on the 29th of September 2006 on the territory of the airport, and brigadier Imre Lamos ceremoniously handed the relief over to the deputy mayor of the city in 2009.
On the 18th of April 2017, it was placed to its final location in the yard of the RepTár. In order to pay homage to the lieutenant’s life and work, the attendants of the ceremony were granted free entry. Thank You for participating in our event!



 

István Horthy Memorial Exhibition

 

In the honor of his work for the Hungarian flight and the development of the railway, on April 18, 2017, Horthy István memorial exhibition opened in the gallery of the Reptár Hangár.
The Temporary Exhibition has provided the museum visitors with the opportunity to accompany their work and life through exhibited periodicals, books and photos.